Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)
Frank Lloyd Wright (1867 – 1959) was an American architect credited for designing more than 1,000 structures, over 500 of which were completed. A leader of the Prairie School movement, Wright would share his philosophy of organic architecture, ideas of urban planning through his Usonian houses and innovated across all building types. Wright wrote 20 books and many articles and was a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe. Well recognized during his lifetime, Wright was recognized in 1991 by the AIA as "the greatest American architect of all time.”
Frank Lloyd Wright designed two projects for San Diego clients, though neither were built. Wright’s first project for the area was the Cinema for San Diego (1905). Cinema for San Diego was designed circa 1905. Confusion around this project remains as it has been listed as ‘Motion Picture Theatre – 1897’, ‘Moving Picture Theatre – 1900’ as well as being dated by Wright himself in 1908.
For decades, what was thought to be Wright’s second project for San Diego has been dismissed, by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation, as likely drawn in La Jolla rather than intended to be built there. Recent scholarship has concluded that School for the Rosenwald Foundation was designed for the Hampton Institute in Virginia rather than La Jolla as stated on the drawing. Wright and wife Olgivanna were staying in La Jolla about the time the architect became involved with this project at the request of his client, patron and friend Darwin Martin (of Wright’s Darwin Martin House in Buffalo, NY). This may have led to ‘La Jolla’ in the initial title - ‘Study for Schoolhouse for ‘Negro Children’: Rosenwald Foundation (La Jolla, 1928).’
Though Frank Lloyd Wright did not sign the blueprints, the Harvey Furgatch Residence was planned for construction in Spring Valley in 1959. Signed on behalf of Taliesin Associated Architects by Aaron Green, the Furgatch design was based heavily on Wright’s Jester Residence (1938), which was actually built as the Norman Lykes Residence that same year in Phoenix (after the design was shopped around to several clients beyond Furgatch). Harvey Furgatch would ultimately hire Wright Fellow Sim Bruce Richards to build a home on the oceanfront in Del Mar.
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San Diego Projects
Cinema for San
& Mrs. Harvey Residence (1959)