R.M. Schindler (1887-1953)
SAN DIEGO PROJECTS
Courtesy of the MAK Center: Built as a vacation settlement in La Jolla, Pueblo Ribera Courts is one of Schindler’s larger projects. Cost efficiency was an important factor in the design of the conventional beach shack. The owner wanted twelve houses with garages and private patios looking out toward the Pacific Ocean. Schindler tackled the creation of an organic whole through the arrangement of identical units. He was able to establish individual character in each of the units through their positioning in relation to the next.
Schindler explored the materials of concrete and redwood in Pueblo Ribera, much like he did in his other 1920s projects including the Kings Road House. Concrete is used for the wall enclosures and slab that also acts as the finished floor. The sloping site, however, proved difficult for pouring and erecting the concrete walls. This was the first project that Schindler had to develop a new construction system for, using movable formwork that could later be incorporated into the structural system of the building. Each of the Pueblo Ribera units is U-shaped in plan and equipped with a small kitchen and bedroom. A public alley connects the garages. An exterior court for each of the houses was considered necessary in order to accommodate outdoor activities. Privacy for these exterior spaces was also important since they are located in front of the living room. On the other side of the living room, clerestory windows located right below the ceiling provide plenty of light and ventilation. The roof terrace with its own fireplace is accessible by a small stair. Since they have been built, the courts have been altered due to partial destruction by fire.
Dr. Phillip M.
Lovell Farmhouse (designed ca. 1923, built 1925-26)
The same client that hired Schindler for the Lovell Beach House in Newport Beach, and Richard Neutra to design the Lovell Health House, Dr. Lovell’s Fallbrook ranch, designed in 1923, was one of only a few by Schindler to utilize his "slab tilt" construction: Pueblo Ribera Courts, Schindler's Kings Road House for his family in Los Angeles, Howe House (1926) and Manola Court Apartment also shared the idea. According to writer M. Vallen,“Schindler rarely considered the same architectural language twice during his career. However, he did on occasion rely on prior experience to further an architectural idea. For his client, The Lovells, he built an almost exact replica of his Kings Road House in Fallbrook, California…” The farmhouse or some portion of it burned in the late 1960s. Apparently a renter at the house accidentally started the fire.
Carlton Park Ranch House (1925)